Saint Bartholomew's Hospital Reports, 1877, Vol. 13 (Classic Reprint)

Saint Bartholomew's Hospital Reports, 1877, Vol. 13 (Classic Reprint)

1975 руб.
Добавить в корзину
Рекомендуем также
Excerpt from Saint Bartholomew's Hospital Reports, 1877, Vol. 13

For whatever may be the true theory of the production of murmurs, whether by ?uid veins or otherwise, no one, I imagine, believes that a murmur can be produced at either auriculo - ventricular orifice when the blood in it is at rest. The existence of an endocardial murmur necessitates the simultaneous existence of some blood-movement at the spot where it is produced. But if the blood is in movement, it must be passing either into or out of the ventricle; if the former be the case, the ventricle must be dilating; if the latter, it must be contracting; for the blood never passes in a continuous stream through the ventricles, as it does through the auricles. All mitral and tricuspid murmurs must therefore be, in the proper sense of the words, either systolic or diastolic. It makes no difference whether they occupy the whole, or a part only, of the systolic or diastolic periods their nature does, and their name ought to, depend upon the state of the ventricles at the time of their production, and Upon this alone. The words Systole and Diastole have primarily nothing whatever to do with the sounds of the heart which occupy a part only, and a constantly varying part, of these periods, and the attachment of such reference to them by some writers is, I know, a frequent source of great confusion in the minds of students.

All murmurs, then, produced at the mitral orifice during the ?ow through it of blood into the ventricle are diastolic, although in practice, and for purposes of accurate diagnosis, it is con venient to distribute them further into three main classes. According to the portion, more or less, of the diastolic period which they may chance to occupy. Thus, a diastolic murmur at the apex may take place at the beginning or at the end, or it may be prolonged throughout the whole, of the diastolic period, but in each case it remains equally and always diastolic. To the murmur which occurs at the end of the diastole, and often seems to be continuous with the first sound of the heart, the name Praesystolic has been given, and it would no doubt be highly inconvenient to relinquish a name, sanctioned by long usage, for a murmur which is generally of peculiar character and significance: only be it always remembered that praesystolic are nothing more than one of the varieties of diastolic murmurs.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Эта книга будет изготовлена в соответствии с Вашим заказом по технологии Print-on-Demand компанией ООО «Книга по Требованию». Print-on-Demand - это технология печати книг по Вашему заказу на цифровом типографском оборудовании. Книга, произведенная по технологии Print-on-Demand (POD) представляет собой классическую печатную книгу с соблюдением всех стандартов качества, от офсетной бумаги и плотного картона до качественного клея, используемого при изготовлении. Черно-белая текстовая или полноцветная иллюстрированная книга (в зависимости от исходного файла, подготовленного к печати) может быть изготовлена в разных вариантах: - в мягкой обложке (Клеевое Бесшвейное Скрепление); - скрепление скобой (для книг с небольшим количеством страниц); - в твердом переплете с клееным текстовым блоком; Материалы, используемые при производстве книги: - бумага текстового блока - офсетная (белая или кремовая) 80 г/м2 - мягкая обложка - бумага мелованная 250 г/м2; - ламинация обложки - матовая или глянцевая; - твердый переплет - картон 2 мм, каптал, белые форзацы, прямой корешок - сверхпрочный полимерный клей; - каждая книга упакована в термопленку. Каждый заказ обрабатывается в индивидуальном порядке: каждой книге, напечатанной по технологии Print-on-Demand, присваивается уникальный номер.