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The Garden, Vol. 31

The Garden, Vol. 31

1837.5 руб.
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Excerpt from The Garden, Vol. 31: An Illustrated Weekly Journal of Horticulture in All Its Branches; Midsummer, 1887

Figs grow with great luxuriance on the south coast, and ripen fine cr0ps of fruit, but, neverthe less, no attempt is made to turn these ad vantages to practical account on anything like a large scale for the supply of our markets, although I have not the slightest doubt that anyone growing them with anything like the care that is bestowed on many other fruits would be well rewarded. It is no uncommon thing to find very large Fig trees on this part of the coast that have evidently at some remote period enjoyed the advantage of wall culture, but that have long since left the walls and grown out into wide-spreading heads that produce annually many hundreds of fine fruits each. In autumn such trees must yield a good revenue to their owners, as they invariably sell well, even when other fruits are a glut in the market. I should say that a century back the Fig was far more largely planted than it is now. Very fine specimens may be seen growing on the walls of Salisbury Cathedral; at Eaglehurst Castle, too, overlooking the Solent, some of the largest and most prolific open-air Fig trees in the country may be seen, the main stems being larger than a man's body. Such trees must certainly have left the walls more than a century ago, as the limbs which run out cover a very large space, not only over a wide border and walk, but are stretching out on to the vegetable quarter beyond. They are supported on stout posts, furnished with cross-bearers, and. The crops of fine Figs thus produced are enormous. We have in this neigh bourhood 'figs in all directions growing nearly wild, especially on the old walls of farm and manor houses, where they were evidently carefully cultivated before the advent of cheap glass caused these open-air wall trees to be so much neglected. Now, when so many are inquiring what they can grow for market, it is singular that the Fig is overlooked, for, unlike the open-air Grape, it fruits freely, and ripens its Crops in this district even away from walls, and now that Grapes realise such a low price, even from under glass during autumn, I feel sure that the Fig would be more profitable. The Brown Turkey and White Marseilles appear to be the only sorts planted so long ago as these old specimens date back to, and very useful kinds they are. Some of the newer sorts might, how ever, be tried with good results, for if so much earlier and more prolific in a young state in pots under glass than old sorts, why Would they not be equally suitable for open-wall culture? About here very few owners of gardens think it necessary to train Figs close to the walls they simply plant them in some sunny corner and let them take their chance, and very fine fruits in this way they get. It is rare that the wood of the Fig tree suffers from frost on the coast, and covering up in winter is unknown if the tips get injured they break out all over from the older wood, and soon recover, but, of course, when this occurs the crop for the current year suffers, as it is only the first show of fruit that can ripen in our short summers. If any regular system of market culture were attempted, it would probably be found the best course to either adopt some of the old devices of our fore fathers, or else the modern system of glass Copings; at present, although the Fig is so well grown in private gardens, it is almost totally ignored as a market fruit, although it is equal in value to many fruits on which great care is ex pended. J. Groom. Gosport.

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