This book explores the factors that seem to influence the ownership and the period of usage of insecticide treated nets aimed at the control of malaria. The findings show that households with high number of members are less likely to own a net and also are less likely to use a net the whole year or during raining season. This means that the ownership of nets in the region is rather low due to the large household sizes in the region. The findings also show that household members with children under five years of age are more likely to own and use a net the whole year. This is very encouraging since children are most vulnerable with respect to malaria and its related infections as research elsewhere has shown that insecticide treated nets are highly effective in reducing mortality and morbidity from malaria especially in infants.