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Democracy in Divided Societies: Electoral Engineering for Conflict Management (Theories of Institutional Design)

Democracy in Divided Societies: Electoral Engineering for Conflict Management (Theories of Institutional Design)

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Reilly analyzes the design of electoral systems for divided societies, examining various divided societies which utilize "vote-pooling" electoral systems--including Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Northern Ireland and Fiji. He shows that political institutions which encourage the development of broad-based, aggregative political parties and where campaigning politicians have incentives to attract votes from a range of ethnic groups can, under certain conditions, encourage a moderate, accommodatory politicalcompetition and thus influence the trajectory of democratization in transitional states. This is a challenge to orthodox approaches to democracy and conflict management.