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A history of sculpture

A history of sculpture

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Описание
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1916 edition. Excerpt: ...indication of the rise of an original, native art. Early Sculpture in Southern Germany.--In southern Germany the twelfth century shows little or no progress. In Bavaria there are some decorative sculptures, which exhibit little or no Byzantine or Early Christian influence, and similar works are seen in Franconia, Alsace, and Switzerland. Some panels in the cathedral at Basel, representing scenes from the legends of St. Vincent and St. Lawrence, which are attributed to the twelfth century, have the merit of lively action; they seem to derive their technical qualities from ancient sarcophagi. Austria and Bohemia produced little real sculpture, and their ornamental work is generally rude and poor. The Thirteenth Century.--In the thirteenth century various local schools arise. Ancient art still exerts no little influence, but direct study of nature is more important. Sculpture is practised chiefly in churches, for the decoration of choir screens, altars, chancels, and lecterns, and also in the tympana and on the jambs of the portals, where it is usually less rich than in France. Sculpture not connected with architecture is nearly all portraiture, consisting of reliefs on tombs and of statues. The usual material is sandstone. Saxon Sculpture of the Thirteenth Century.--Saxony is the chief centre of this first development of German sculpture, which is connected with Romanesque architecture and closes about 1275; Even before the end of the twelfth century certain baptismal fonts in Saxony and the neighboring Westphalia show a desire on the part of the sculptors to give life and expression to their figures, a result which they try to gain by means of violently agitated draperies. Such draperies are characteristic of German sculpture long after the...