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Hearings on H. Res; 813

Hearings on H. Res; 813

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Excerpt from Hearings on H. Res; 813: To Investigate Violation of the Antitrust Act of Eighteen Hundred and Ninety

The committee met at 10 o'clock a.m., Hon. John Dalzell (chairman) presiding.

The committee had under consideration the following resolution:

[H. Res. 813, Sixty-first Congress, second session.]

Resolved, That a committee of nine Members of this House, to be selected, five by the majority and four by the minority, and to be elected by ballot, be, and is hereby, directed to make an investigation for the purpose of ascertaining whether, since the year of 1897, there have occurred violations of the antitrust act of July 2, 1890, the various interstate-commerce acts, and the acts relative to the national banking associations, which violations have not been prosecuted, dealt with, or lawfully disposed of by the executive officers of the Government; and if any such violations are disclosed said committee is directed to report the facts and circumstances to the House, with bills requiring appropriate action to be taken by such executive officers; and said committee shall also report any further legislation which it may consider advisable for reinforcing the acts of Congress aforesaid and more effectually punishing future violations thereof. Said committee is hereby further specially directed to investigate the United States Steel Corporation, its organization and operations, and if in connection therewith violations of law as aforesaid are disclosed to report the same and a bill requiring action to be taken thereon.

Said committee shall inquire whether said steel corporation has had any relations or affiliations tending toward violations of law with the Pennsylvania Steel Co., the Cambria Steel Co., the Lackawanna Steel Co., or any other iron or steel company nominally independent.

Also whether said steel corporation through the persons owning its stock or its directors or officers has or has had relations tending toward or aiding in violations of law with the Pennsylvania Railroad Co, or any other railroad company, or with any national banking companies, trust companies, or Insurance companies, or with the stockholders, directors, or other officers of said companies, and whether such relations have caused or have a tendency to cause any of the results following:

First. The restriction or destruction of competition in production or transportation, including conspiracies to crush out and bankrupt competitors.

Second. Excessive capitalization of corporations with large bond and stock issues not representing real values.

Third. Vast combinations of corporations controlled by a few individuals, created by the ownership by one corporation of the stock of other corporations, the securities issued therefor constituting fictitious capitalization.

Fourth. Wide speculations in stocks conducted by conspiracies among associated owners and officers of the various corporations.

Fifth. Private profits through such speculations to managers of the corporations derived at the expense of the stockholders and the public, using corporation money or manipulating corporation power.

Sixth. To cause panics in the bond and stock markets and in the money markets like those of 1903 and 1907.

And to fully report to the House whether by reason of any facts thus ascertained there should he legislation by Congress as contemplated by the first clause of this resolution.

Said committee as a whole or by subcommittee is authorized to sit during sessions of the House and the recess of Congress; to send for persons and papers and to administer oaths to witnesses.

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