Administrative and Industrial Organization

Administrative and Industrial Organization

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Excerpt from Administrative and Industrial Organization: Instruction Paper

As in every other profession, some incompetent men are found posing as business engineers, but an increasing number of trained men are entering the field. It is the work of these men that is placing the profession on a high plane.

The successful business engineer must have the ability to quickly grasp the plan of operation of any business with which his work may bring him in contact; he must be able to analyze conditions and to determine the factors which make for the success or failure of a business. His work is to organize and systematize every step of the work in every department.

3. The Preliminary Investigation. The first step in the organization or systematizing of a business is to determine its natural divisions. What is the nature of the business, and what are its distinguishing characteristics? Be it a manufacturing, jobbing, wholesale, retail, or professional concern, there is some one head on whom rests the final responsibility for the success or failure of the business. He must be surrounded with subordinates, each having certain duties to perform, who will be responsible for the performance of those duties, thereby cooperating to carry out the purposes of the enterprise.

The highest type of organization is found among the great industrial enterprises. These enterprises with their many activities most readily lend themselves to the application of scientific principles of organization. Here, organization can be carried to its final conclusion; in a smaller enterprise the same principles apply, but modification of details is necessary.

If we study the organization of a large enterprise, regarding it as a type, we can more readily grasp the requirements of a smaller business. But it must be remembered that in any-event, the individual business must be studied and the organization made to fit the business. A tailor does not cut all coats from the same pattern.

In certain respects a great industrial organization may be likened to the army. At the head of the army is the commanding general, on whom rests the responsibility for the success of any campaign. He is surrounded by his staff, with whom he consults on questions of importance.

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