• @
  • «»{}∼
Metrics to Value R& D

Metrics to Value R& D

1187.5 руб.
Добавить в корзину
Excerpt from Metrics to Value R& D: An Annotated Bibliography

As part of an effort to help our members understand better how to measure the value of R&D, the International Center for Research on the Management of Technology (ICRMOT) has sponsored a project to assess the state of the art in R&D metrics. This project has included (1) a series of qualitative interviews with Chief Technical Officers, Chief Executive Officers, and researchers at ten research-intensive international firms,(2) a review of the published literature, (3) the development of formal mathematical theory, and (4) empirical applications and tests of that theory (forthcoming).

This working paper provides an annotated bibliography for 147 articles published in the R&D, marketing, and economics literature. My goal is to provide the reader with a sampling of the various viewpoints on R&D metrics and on related material. I have attempted to describe the authors' conclusions and to indicate where additional data might be obtained. When feasible I have quoted directly from the article. In this way the reader can experience directly the flavor of the article and draw independent conclusions. (All such quotations are indicated by double quotes "...") Like all annotated bibliographies, these short descriptions can not substitute for a more comprehensive reading of the articles. However, I hope that they will help the reader decide which articles to pursue further.

In many places I refer to the "tiers" of R&D - tier 1 is "exploring new concepts" (basic research), tier 2 is "selecting technology to match or create core technological competence," and tier 3 is "applied research that is often joint with business unit "customers." This structure is described more completely in Hauser and Zettelmeyer (1996), which is available as an ICRMOT working paper.

It is my hope that this bibliography will grow. Please suggest additional references to the ICRMOT Web site (http://web.mit.edu/icrmot/www/) or to me (jhauser@sloan.mit.edu). A list of all ICRMOT working papers, and how to obtain them, is available at our Web site. Monitor our Web site for updates on this bibliography.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Эта книга будет изготовлена в соответствии с Вашим заказом по технологии Print-on-Demand компанией ООО «Книга по Требованию». Print-on-Demand - это технология печати книг по Вашему заказу на цифровом типографском оборудовании. Книга, произведенная по технологии Print-on-Demand (POD) представляет собой классическую печатную книгу с соблюдением всех стандартов качества, от офсетной бумаги и плотного картона до качественного клея, используемого при изготовлении. Черно-белая текстовая или полноцветная иллюстрированная книга (в зависимости от исходного файла, подготовленного к печати) может быть изготовлена в разных вариантах: - в мягкой обложке (Клеевое Бесшвейное Скрепление); - скрепление скобой (для книг с небольшим количеством страниц); - в твердом переплете с клееным текстовым блоком; Материалы, используемые при производстве книги: - бумага текстового блока - офсетная (белая или кремовая) 80 г/м2 - мягкая обложка - бумага мелованная 250 г/м2; - ламинация обложки - матовая или глянцевая; - твердый переплет - картон 2 мм, каптал, белые форзацы, прямой корешок - сверхпрочный полимерный клей; - каждая книга упакована в термопленку. Каждый заказ обрабатывается в индивидуальном порядке: каждой книге, напечатанной по технологии Print-on-Demand, присваивается уникальный номер.