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The Gardener's Monthly and Horticultural Advertiser, Vol. 16

The Gardener's Monthly and Horticultural Advertiser, Vol. 16

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Excerpt from The Gardener's Monthly and Horticultural Advertiser, Vol. 16: Devoted to Horticulture, Arboriculture Rural Affairs

Caladium, Rice-paper Papyrus, Cannas, Castor oil plant, Drac?nas, and similar well-known things, are still made use of in the grounds of persons of the highest taste. More is made of succulents for out-door gardening than they used to do in the older time; as they give the needed artificial tone to the small garden. Yuccas and Agaves are common in prominent places, and the various species and varieties of Echeverias come into excellent use. Silvery-leaved plants are very common; indeed it would be very hard to make any rich effect with Coleus and other high colors, without these light-baved things to contrast with them. The old "Dusty Miller" Cineraria maritima, comes in well for this purpose, - the Cham?pence, Gnaphalium (lanatum,) Centaurea ragusina and C. gymnocarpa, are the leading silver-leaved plants employed. For low variegated plants, the various Teilantheras and Alternantheras, are largely employed, and the Golden Feverfew is almost the only plant we can rely on for a good yellow tint. In a few cases we have seen low growing golden Arborvit? and Retinosporas, used with good effect in flower gardening.

Among the novel ideas of the past season was a rather free use of the summer flowering Begonias for bedding. Usually they are kept under glass; but many of them do remarkably well in the full sun in the open ground. Stove plants - at least in the Middle and Southern States, do much better in the open air than people imagine. We saw, the past year, the common Banana growing as common as the Indian corn, though in exposed places the leaves would split somewhat by the wind. The Pampas Grass still stands unrivalled, as the most unique thing of its class for open air lawn decoration during summer and fall, while its silvery spikes make excellent parlor ornaments all winter following.

In regard to the more permanent occupants of the ground, we may add that wherever any part of a tree does not grow freely, pruning of such weak growth, at this season, will induce it to push more freely next year. All scars made by pruning off large branches, should be painted or tarred over, to keep out the rain. Many fruit trees become hollow, or fall into premature decay, from the rain penetrating through old saw cuts made in pruning. Also the branches should be cut close to the trunk, so that no dead stumps shall be produced on the tree, and bark will readily grow over. Many persons cut off branches of trees in midsummer, in order that the returning sap may speedily clothe the wound with new bark, but the loss of much foliage in summer injures the tree, and besides, painting the scar removes all danger of rotting at the wound.

Some judgment is required in pruning flowering shrubs, roses, etc., although it is usual to act as if it were one of the most common-place operations. One of the most clumsy of the hands is commonly set with a pair of sheers, and he goes through the whole place, clipping off everything indiscriminately. Distinction should be made between those flowering shrubs that make a vigorous growths and those which grow weakly; and between those which flower on the old wood of last year, and those which flower on the new growth of next season, as the effect of pruning is to force a strong and vigorous growth. Those specimens that already grow too strong to flower well, should be only lightly pruned; and, in the same individual, the weakest shoots should be cut in more severely than the stronger ones. Some things like the Mock Orange, Lilacs and others, flower on the wood of last year - to prune those much now, therefore, destroys the flowering; while such as Altheas, which flower on the young wood, cannot be too severely cut in, looking to that operation alone. We give below a full list of the shrubs in most common cultivation of the different classes.

Ornamental shr.
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