Книги
  • @
  • «»{}∼
The Effect of the War on European Neutrals (Classic Reprint)

The Effect of the War on European Neutrals (Classic Reprint)

34354435
1062.5 руб.
Добавить в корзину
Описание
Excerpt from The Effect of the War on European Neutrals

The effects of the war in general upon the European countries which remained neutral were diverse, depending upon factors peculiar to each nation. The interchange of goods between nations plays so important a role in economic life that any serious disturbance of the normal course of world trade entails losses for all the trading countries.

How a nation shares in these losses depends on such factors as its location with reference to other nations, the nature and extent of the restrictions upon its trade, changes in relative demand for commodities in other countries, and the country's own degree of self-sufficiency as regards the sources of the goods it consumes. Other losses may be due to extraordinary expenses on account of the mobilization of military forces in order to preserve a state of neutrality.

It is possible, then, for a nation not taking part in a war to bear not only relatively but actually heavier economic losses than are borne by belligerent nations comparable in population and industrial strength.

One can, therefore, no more attribute identical effects of a war indiscriminately to all neutrals than to all belligerents. One neutral may be an important source of supplies needed by the warring peoples, while another may have almost no exportable goods which the belligerent nations require. The less fortunate nation may be even more unfavorably placed as regards commodities, for besides producing principally those goods which the belligerents least want, it may normally require imports of fuel, foodstuffs, and other materials which are eagerly sought by the groups at war.

Neutrals may experience also all the embarrassments growing out of currency disorders and price fluctuations to which belligerents are subjected.

On the other hand, a neutral nation may have its losses on account of a war completely offset or more than equaled by the gains attributable to the war. In the sale of supplies at unusually high profits, and in the development of the capital equipment of the country for producing the exported goods, the nation increases its wealth. Moreover, the inability of belligerents to continue during the war to place upon the neutrals markets the same volume of goods as before may operate for the neutral country exactly like an effective tariff designed to protect industries in their early stages of development, industries which are really appropriate for the country. While serving all belligerents legitimately and without partiality, a neutral nation may, therefore, have its industrial growth materially hastened during the war, so much so that its losses are trivial in comparison.

With these considerations in mind we shall note some of the outstanding developments which have taken place in some of the European countries that took no direct part in the war.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Эта книга будет изготовлена в соответствии с Вашим заказом по технологии Print-on-Demand компанией ООО «Книга по Требованию». Print-on-Demand - это технология печати книг по Вашему заказу на цифровом типографском оборудовании. Книга, произведенная по технологии Print-on-Demand (POD) представляет собой классическую печатную книгу с соблюдением всех стандартов качества, от офсетной бумаги и плотного картона до качественного клея, используемого при изготовлении. Черно-белая текстовая или полноцветная иллюстрированная книга (в зависимости от исходного файла, подготовленного к печати) может быть изготовлена в разных вариантах: - в мягкой обложке (Клеевое Бесшвейное Скрепление); - скрепление скобой (для книг с небольшим количеством страниц); - в твердом переплете с клееным текстовым блоком; Материалы, используемые при производстве книги: - бумага текстового блока - офсетная (белая или кремовая) 80 г/м2 - мягкая обложка - бумага мелованная 250 г/м2; - ламинация обложки - матовая или глянцевая; - твердый переплет - картон 2 мм, каптал, белые форзацы, прямой корешок - сверхпрочный полимерный клей; - каждая книга упакована в термопленку. Каждый заказ обрабатывается в индивидуальном порядке: каждой книге, напечатанной по технологии Print-on-Demand, присваивается уникальный номер.