The Founding of Spanish California

The Founding of Spanish California

1962.5 руб.
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Excerpt from The Founding of Spanish California: The Northwestward Expansion of New Spain, 1687-1783

The present study owes its form to two principal ideas, which seem at first sight only distantly related, but which in fact merge into one. In the first place, I have endeavored to trace those influences that were at work prior to the nineteenth century whose tendency was to preserve Alta (or American) California, perhaps also Oregon and Washington, for ultimate acquisition by the United States. In the second place, I have aimed to give in detail an account of a Spanish experiment in colonization, although the narrative is limited to a comparatively brief span of years, and is still further narrowed in scope by treatment from the standpoint of governmental interest, rather than from that of events or experiences in the lands referred to. The problem of colonizing the Californias (considered as extending from Cape San Lucas indefinitely northward) was one of such extreme difficulty that it was manifestly impossible of successful accomplishment without an extraordinary effort on the part of those attempting it. After permanent establishments had been formed by the Spaniards in Alta California, a still more extraordinary effort would have been required to develop them into a populous province. Nothing but a sequence of fortunate events - such as discoveries or inventions that would have helped to overcome the difficulties of communication, and the finding of gold, which would have made the region attractive to settlers - could have enabled Spain to achieve the establishment of strong colonies in Alta California without great expenditure of treasure and of effort.

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