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The State of the Trade

The State of the Trade

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Описание
Excerpt from The State of the Trade: Observations on Eight Hours and Higher Prices

On the 11th June, 1872, the New York Typographical Union made an application to the employing book and job printers of this city for a conference as to the expediency of establishing eight hours as a day's work (at the rate of $20 per week of forty-eight hours) and an advance of twenty per cent, on the present prices of piece-work.

This application was made in strict conformity with the agreement made between employers and employed in April, 1869, by which each party bound itself to confer with the other concerning all matters of disagreement, and in case of irreconcilable difference, to give thirty days' notice of any determined change of prices or rules. The spirit of this application was as courteous as its form was equitable.

At a meeting of employing printers, held at the Astor House, June 18, Mr. William C. Martin in the chair, it was decided that a committee of seven employers should be appointed to confer with the committee of seven that had already been appointed by the Union.

The first meeting of the joint committees was held at the Astor House on June 21st. The reasons assigned by the committee of the Union were substantially these:

1. Eight hours is the law of the land, so declared by this

State and by the United States.

2. A shortening of the hours of labor is needed to check

over-production. Men will he better employed.

3. It is needed to benefit the workman. He needs more

time for social and domestic enjoyment and intellectual culture.
4. Reduced hours of labor arc in accord with the spirit of the times, it is the fashion in other trades and should be in this.

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