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Transforming the Twentieth Century:  Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

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This inquiry into the technical advances that shaped the 20th century follows the evolutions of all the principal innovations introduced before 1913 (as detailed in the first volume) as well as the origins and elaborations of all fundamental 20th centuryadvances. The history of the 20th
century is rooted in amazing technical advances of 1871-1913, but the century differs so remarkably from the preceding 100 years because of several unprecedented combinations. The 20th century had followed on the path efined during the half century preceding the beginning of World War I, but it has
traveled along that path at a very different pace, with different ambitions and intents. The new century's developments elevated both the magnitudes of output and the spaial distribution of mass industrial production and to new and, in many ways, virtually incomparable levels. Twentieth century
science and engineering conquered and perfected a number of fundamental challenges which remained unresolved before 1913, and hich to many critics appeared insoluble. This book is organized in topical chapters dealing with electricity, engines, materials and syntheses, and information techniques.
It concludes with an extended examination of contradictory consequences of our amirable technical progress by confronting the accomplishments and perils of systems that brought liberating simplicity as well as overwhelming complexity, that created unprecedented affluence and equally unprecedented
economic gaps, that greatly increaed both our security and fears as well as our understanding and ignorance, and that provided the means for greater protection of the biosphere while concurrently undermining some of the key biophysical foundations of life on Earth.

Transforming theTwentieth Century will offer a wide-ranging interdisciplinary appreciation of the undeniable technical foundations of the modern world as well as a multitude of welcome and worrisome consequences of these developments. It will combine scientific rigor wit accessible writing,
thoroughly illustrated by a large number of appropriate images that will include historical photographs and revealing charts of long-term trends.