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Sustaining Gains in Poverty Reduction and Human Development in the Middle East and North Africa (Orientations in Development)

Sustaining Gains in Poverty Reduction and Human Development in the Middle East and North Africa (Orientations in Development)

3677003
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Описание
This book reviews the experience of the MENA region with poverty and human development since the mid-1980s. It finds evidence of stagnation in the rate of poverty reduction during this period combined with substantial improvement in non-income dimensions of poverty such as health and education indicators. The stagnation in income poverty reduction is a consequence of the stagnation of the region's economies during this period while the improvement in human indicators is likely due to several factors including improvement in the delivery of public health and education services. The first result highlights the importance of getting on to a higher growth track. The second suggests that, even in the absence of income growth, the health and education aspects of the living standards of the poor can be enhanced through attention to public service delivery. Raising the average growth rate will require attention to be paid to maintaining sound macroeconomic management and accelerating structural changes to make the region's economies more open and more business-friendly. Sustaining gains in human development will require tackling new challenges. In education, the focus must now shift from quantity to quality. In health, attention must continue to be paid to the needs of the poor and to the new diseases arising from changing demographics and shifts in diets and other lifestyle choices. In social protection, more emphasis must be placed on efficiency and insurance objectives than has hitherto been the case in the region.