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OECD Territorial Reviews OECD Territorial Reviews: Chile 2009

OECD Territorial Reviews OECD Territorial Reviews: Chile 2009

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Chile has achieved strong economic growth during the last 20 years. Nevertheless, its economy depends on a few resource-based sectors located in a small number of regions. The performance of Chilean regions varies significantly and regional disparities in GDP per capita are very high compared to those in OECD countries. Chilean regions have thus far so not fully utilised their assets and reached their potential for growth. This report recommends moving towards a territorial approach to development in Chile in order to better adapt public management to the different opportunities and needs of the diverse territories of the country. Chilean regions would particularly benefit from context-specific policies to boost productivity, such as those targeting innovation and entrepreneurship, and to improve education and training.Table of Content :Assessment and RecommendationsChapter 1. Regional Development in Chile: Trends, Achievements and Challenges1.1 Major macroeconomic trends1.2. Regional Dimension1.3. Assets in Chilean Regions-Population, settlement and geography-Natural resources-Human capital-Infrastructure-Access to basic services-1.4. Specific challenges of urban and rural regionsAnnex 1.A1. OECD Regional Typology in Chile-Annex 1.A2. Specialisation IndexChapter 2. Regional Approaches to Economic Development Challenges-Introduction2.1. The focus on innovation: from a centralised policy focus to a regional approach-2.2. Co-ordinating productive development in regions2.3. Education and human capital as a priority target2.4. From agriculture to rural development2.5. Towards comprehensive territorial infrastructure planning2.6. Regional economic objectives and public investment mechanismsAnnex 2.A1. The FNDR ProcessChapter 3. Institutional Reform: Improving the Effectiveness of Policy Delivery-Introduction-3.1. A centralised system engaged in a reform debate-3.2. Making decentralisation reforms work-annex 3.A1. Empirical results on correlations between decentralisation and economic growth-Annex 3.A2. Contextual factors explaining variation in decentralisation outcomes