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Astronomy in the Old Testament (Classic Reprint)

Astronomy in the Old Testament (Classic Reprint)

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Описание
The people of Israel, its learned men and its scientific knowledge.- Nature and poetry. - General view of the physical world as given in the Book of Job. - Criticism of the sources.I. It did not fall to the lot of the Hebrew people to have the glory of creating the beginnings of the sciences, or even to raise to a high level of perfection the exercise of the fine arts: both these achievements belong to the great and imperishable honours of the Greeks. The Jews were not a nation of conquerors; they had little or no knowledge of profound political problems, or of the administrative science which has brought such distinction to the name of Rome. Their natural gifts, as well as the course of events, carried them to a different mission of no smaller importance-that of purifying the religious sentiment and of preparing the way for monotheism. Of this way they marked the first clear traces. In the laborious accomplishment of this great task Israel lived, suffered, and completely Table of Contents I Introductioni; The people of Israel, its learned men and its scientific knowledge - Nature and poetry - General view of the physical world as given in the Book of Job - Criticism of the sources; II The Firmament, The Earth, The Abysses 22; General arrangement of the world - The earth's disk-Limits of the regions known to the Jews- The earth's foundations- The abyss and Sheol -The firmament-The upper and lower waters - Theory of subterranean waters and of springs, of rain, snow, and hail: the clouds - General idea of Hebrew cosmography; III The Stars39; The sun and the moon - Their course stopped by Joshua and others - Allusions to a total eclipse, probably that of 831 Bc - The heaven of stars - The host of heaven - The planets: Venus and Saturn - Comets and bolides - Fall of meteorites - Astrology; Table of names of stars; IV The Constellations53; Difficulty of the subject-'Ash (or 'Aytsh) and her children - Ke