Romanesque Sites of Burgundy: Vezelay Abbey, Autun, Paray-Le-Monial

Romanesque Sites of Burgundy: Vezelay Abbey, Autun, Paray-Le-Monial

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Chapters: Vezelay Abbey, Autun, Paray-Le-Monial. Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 25. Not illustrated. Free updates online. Purchase includes a free trial membership in the publisher's book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: Vezelay Abbey - The Benedictine abbey of Vezelay was founded, as many abbeys were, on land that had been a late Roman villa, of Vercellus (Vercelle becoming Vezelay). The villa had passed into the hands of the Carolingians and devolved to a Carolingian count, Girart, of Roussillon. the two convents he founded there were looted and dispersed by Moorish raiding parties in the eighth century, and a hilltop convent was burnt by Norman raiders. In the ninth century, the abbey was refounded under the guidance of Badilo, who became an affiliate of the reformed Benedictine order of Cluny. Vezelay also stood at the beginning of one of the four major routes through France for pilgrims going to Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, in the north-western corner of Spain. About 1050 the monks of Vezelay began to claim to hold the relics of Mary Magdalene, brought, they related, from the Holy Land either by their 9th-century founder-saint, Badilo, or by envoys despatched by him. A little later a monk of Vezelay declared that he had detected in a crypt at St-Maximin in Provence, carved on an empty sarcophagus, a representation of the Unction at Bethany, when Jesus' head was anointed by Mary of Bethany, assumed in the Middle Ages to be Mary Magdalene. The monks of Vezelay pronounced it to be Mary Magdalene's tomb, from which her relics had been translated to their abbey. Freed captives then brought their chains as votive objects to the abbey, and it was the newly-elected Abbot Geoffroy in 1037 who had the ironwork melted down and reforged as wrought iron railings surrounding the Magdelen's altar. Thus the erection of one of the finest examples of Romanesque architecture which followe... More: http://booksllc.net/?id=182194