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Mannerist Architecture in Poland: Mannerist Architecture and Sculpture in Poland, List of Mannerist Structures in Southern Poland

Mannerist Architecture in Poland: Mannerist Architecture and Sculpture in Poland, List of Mannerist Structures in Southern Poland

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Chapters: Mannerist Architecture and Sculpture in Poland, List of Mannerist Structures in Southern Poland, List of Mannerist Structures in Central Poland, List of Mannerist Structures in Northern Poland. Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 49. Not illustrated. Free updates online. Purchase includes a free trial membership in the publisher's book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: Mannerist architecture and sculpture in Poland dominated between 1550 and 1650, when it was finally replaced with baroque. The style includes various mannerist traditions, which are closely related with ethnic and religious diversity of the country, as well as with its economic and political situation at that time. The mannerist complex of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska and mannerist City of Zamo are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The period between 1550 and 1650 was a Golden Age of the PolishLithuanian Commonwealth (created in 1569) and a Golden Age of Poland. It was a time of economic prosperity due to grain trade. Grain was kept in richly embellished granaries (e.g. in Kazimierz Dolny) and transported along the Vistula to the main port of Poland - Gdask, where it was sold to the Netherlands, England, France, Italy and Spain (about 80% of the city's revenues in the beginning of the 17th century came from grain trade). It was also the time of religious tolerance due to the Warsaw Confederation (1573). Arcade and portal of Leszczyski Castle, circle of Santi Gucci (15911606), Polish-style mannerism, Baranow Sandomierski.Poland was multinational (Poles, Ruthenians, Jews, Germans, Italians, Dutch, Flemish, Armenians, Scots, Bohemians, Tatars) and multi-religious country (Roman Catholics, Orthodox, Greek Catholics, Calvinists, Lutherans, Muslims, Polish Brethren, Hussites and many others). All those nations and worships contributed to creation of the exceptional diversity of mannerist architecture and sculpture in Poland.