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Zen Art and Culture: Daruma Doll

Zen Art and Culture: Daruma Doll

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Chapters: Daruma Doll. Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 70. Not illustrated. Free updates online. Purchase includes a free trial membership in the publisher's book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: The Daruma doll daruma), also known as a Dharma doll, is a hollow, round, Japanese doll modeled after Bodhidharma, the founder of the Zen sect of Buddhism. These dolls, though typically red and depicting a bearded man (Dharma), vary greatly in color and design depending on region and artist. Though considered an omocha, meaning toy, Daruma has a design that is rich in symbolism and is regarded more as a talisman of good luck to the Japanese. Daruma dolls are seen as a symbol of perseverance and good luck, making them a popular gift of encouragement. The doll has also been commercialized by many Buddhist temples to use alongside goal setting. Most accounts agree that Bodhidharma was a monk from the southern region of India and founded Chan, Zen Buddhism. Bernard Faure, Professor in Japanese Religion at Columbia University, explains in his article, Bodhidharma as Textual and Religious Paradigm, that the events behind Bodhidharmas life are very obscure, thus history concerning him is viewed more as a literary piece. There is mention of Bodhidharma in many historic records, but no direct biographical records. They show Bodhidharma spending days in silence or several hours in songs of praise. Based on these citations, Faure concludes that historians have harmonized these conflicting images of Bodhidharma as a devout and somewhat senile monk. Most people in Japan are more familiar though with the legend of BodhiDharma. Helen B. Chapin explains in her article Three Early Portraits of Bodhidharma, which was published in 1946, that Bodhi Dharma is believed to have been born as the third son to a king in South India. He then, following the instructions of his old master, left his kingdom to live in C...More: http://booksllc.net/?id=288700