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German Renaissance: Northern Mannerism, German School of Fencing, Humanism in Germany

German Renaissance: Northern Mannerism, German School of Fencing, Humanism in Germany

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Chapters: Northern Mannerism, German School of Fencing, Humanism in Germany. Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 45. Not illustrated. Free updates online. Purchase includes a free trial membership in the publisher's book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: Northern Mannerism is the term in European art history for the versions of Mannerism practiced in the visual arts north of the Alps in the 16th and early 17th century. Styles largely derived from Italian Mannerism were found in the Netherlands and elsewhere from around the mid-century, especially Mannerist ornament in architecture; this article concentrates on those times and places where Northern Mannerism generated its most original and distinctive work. The three main centres of the style were in France, especially in the period 1530-50, in Prague from 1576, and in the Netherlands from the 1580sthe first two phases very much led by royal patronage. In the last fifteen years of the century the style, by then becoming outdated in Italy, was widespread across northern Europe, spread in large part through prints. In painting it tended to recede rapidly in the new century, under the new influence of Caravaggio and the early Baroque, but in architecture and the decorative arts, its influence was more sustained. Stucco overdoor at Fontainebleau, probably designed by Primaticcio, who painted the oval inset.The sophisticated art of Italian Mannerism begins during the High Renaissance of the 1520s as a development of, a reaction against, and an attempt to excel, the serenely balanced triumphs of that style. As art historian Henri Zerner explains: "The concept of Mannerismso important to modern criticism and notably to the renewed taste for Fontainebleau artdesignates a style in opposition to the classicism of the Italian Renaissance embodied above all by Andrea del Sarto in Florence and Raphael in Rome". The High Renaissance was a purely Ital...More: http://booksllc.net/?id=21797377