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Two Expeditions Into the Interior of Southern Australia (Volume 2); During the Years 1828, 1829, 1830, and 1831 With Observations on the Soil, ... Resources of the Colony of New South Wales

Two Expeditions Into the Interior of Southern Australia (Volume 2); During the Years 1828, 1829, 1830, and 1831 With Observations on the Soil, ... Resources of the Colony of New South Wales

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This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1834. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... EXPEDITION DOWN THE MORUMBIDGEE AND MURRAY RIVERS, In 1829, 1830, and 1831. CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTORY. Remarks on the results of the former expedition--The fitting out of another determined on--Its objects--Provisions, accoutrements, and retinue -- Paper furnished by Captain Kent--Causes that have prevented the earlier appearance of the present work. The expedition of which we have just detailed the proceedings was so far satisfactory in its results, that it not only set at rest the hypothesis of the existence of an internal shoal sea in southern Australia, and ascertained the actual termination of the rivers it had been directed to trace, but also added very largely to our knowledge of the country considerably to the westward of former discoveries. And although no land had been traversed of a fertile description of sufficient extent to invite the settler, the fact of a large river such as the Darling lying at the back of our almost intertropical VOL. II. n 2 OBJECTS OF THE EXPEDITION. settlements, gave a fresh importance to the distant interior. It was evident that this river was the chief drain for carrying off the waters falling westerly from the eastern coast, and as its course indicated a decline of country diametrically opposite to that which had been calculated upon, it became an object of great importance to ascertain its further direction. Had not the saline quality of its waters been accounted for, by the known existence of brine springs in its bed, it would have been natural to have supposed that it communicated with some mediterranean sea; but, under existing circumstances, it remained to be proved whether this river held on a due south course, or whether it ultimately turned westerly, and ran into the heart of the interior. In order fully to determine...